All the people associated with the area made a great impact on the nature and the landscape. Over the years, the numerous resources – Esrum Lake, the river, the meadows, the woods and the fertile agricultural land – were exploited by monks, kings and farmers. The monks used the water in their water mills, and the woods were a source of fuel. When the king took over the place, the area’s resources were still utilised and, after Møllegården was established, the mill operated for the next centuries. We convey how nature is a resource for people past and present, and how people protect, advise and (attempt) to determine the fate of nature.